Barriault, S., Soares, A.O., Gaimari, S.D. & Lucas, E. (2019) Leucopis glycinivora Tanasijtshuk (Diptera: Chamaemyiidae), a new aphidophagous biocontrol agent; development, survival and comparison with Aphidoletes aphidimyza Rondani (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae).Bulletin of Entomological Research, 64(1), 21-31. DOI:10.1017/S0007485318000767 (IF2017 1,721; Q1 Entomology)
The silver fly Leucopis glyphinivora Tanasijtshuk (Diptera: Chamaemyiidae) is an aphidophagous predator during its larval stage. Our study describes the life cycle of L. glyphinivora and evaluates its potential as a biocontrol agent. The development, survival and longevity of L. glyphinivora were observed and compared with those of the aphid gall midge Aphidoletes aphidimyza Rondani (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae). Tests were conducted under laboratory conditions in Petri dishes with the green peach aphid Myzus persicae Sulzer (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on potato leaves. Leucopis glyphinivora has a 42% longer life cycle than A. aphidimyza. Larval development was 27% longer in L. glyphinivora than in A. aphidimyza. Egg hatch rate and pupal emergence rate were similar in both species, but larval survival was 20% lower for L. glyphinivora than for A. aphidimyza. Sex ratio was approximately 50% in both species. A longer development time for L. glyphinivora in the larval stage could be an advantage for biocontrol by providing more time to exert predation pressure against aphids. However, this may be offset by the lower survival rate found in the silver fly larvae.