Effects of anobiid damage on shear strength parallel to the grain in single step joints

Lima, D.F., Branco, J.M., Parracha, J., Machado, J.S. & Nunes, L. (2023) Effects of anobiid damage on shear strength parallel to the grain in single step joints. 

Materials and Structures, 56, 148. DOI:10.1617/s11527-023-02234-5 (IF2022 3,8; Q2 Construction & Building Technology)
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  • Nov, 2023


Traditional carpentry joints can be found worldwide in many timber truss structures connecting rafter and tie beam. One failure mode of this connection result from shear in the tie beam beyond the notch either due to bad design or deterioration. In this article, the reduction in shear strength of Single Step Joints (SSJ) resulting from biological attack by anobiids was analysed. For this purpose, tests were carried out in non-degraded scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) specimens (reference) and compared to artificially degraded specimens with three different levels of degradation. The reduction of shear resistance was analysed in relation to the density of holes drilled during the degradation simulation, the loss of mass, and the reduction of the shear-resistant area. At lower degradation levels, no significant reduction in shear strength was observed. On the other hand, the linear regression shows a trend of resistance reduction with increasing degradation. Despite the relatively low coefficient of determination (r2 = 0.25), the parameter that best correlated with the residual strength was the reduction in the shear-resistant area.